Town of Stymfalos is the northeastern part of the Peloponnese. The local name "Stymphalos" is primarily found in the Pausanias and Homer as «Στύμφηλος». Near the town there is the lake as far Stymfalia or "Stymfilis" whose scope varies. Also, according to the sources Stymphalos was a member of Arcadian Confederacy and possibly the Peloponnesian Alliance. As regards archaeological remains has identified a classical-Hellenistic cemetery in the southwest of the city, with Doric architectural, south an amphitheatrical area with seating, which suggests the existence of a theater, the Acropolis, which includes three churches, one possibly dedicated to Athena Polias from which samples have late Archaic and Classical period. The city wall, as calculated by the H.Williams had a length of 2300 meters. From written sources we learn that there was a parliament with a board. The public city architecture is not completely disclosed, since it is certain that the market place.

For the location of the ancient city there is no exact definition only some cases. The dominant candidate position is the current village LAFKA as masonry findings show many similarities with those described in ancient Stymphalos. So far the earliest pottery found in this place is dated during the late Archaic and early Classical times.

The presence of Athena Polias in the city's religious life can be confirmed, but it was the main worship, and this position was the goddess Artemis, which is depicted on the city's coins. The sanctuary of the goddess Artemis exploited and for the publication of city ordinances. According to Head, the coinage of STYMFALIA began in 400 BC while Babelon places this event in 420 BC by cutting silver and copper coins, which depict Artemis, Heracles and Stymphalian Ornithes.


  • M.H. Hansen, T.H. Nielsen, «An inventory of archaic and classical poleis», Οxford, 2004.(σελ.529,530).